May 29, 2023

Saudi Arab Emirates (UAE) launched its first interplanetary hope probe mission on Mars in collaboration with Japan. The UAE’s first space mission to Mars launched on Monday from Japan’s Tanegashima Space Center. This mission of the UAE has been dubbed Mars ‘Hope’. This mission was launched from Tanegashima Space Center at 3:28 am Indian time. The United Arab Emirates will be the first Arab country to have given its entry on Mars. A live feed of the mission was also shown. However, it was to be launched on July 15, but was postponed for some time due to inclement weather. 

The campaign started at the time of a special astronomical event 

Five minutes after launch, the vehicle carrying this satellite was on its way. On this vehicle, ‘Al-Amal’ was written in Arabic. It also made the first separation of its journey. Emirates project is one of the three projects to go to Mars. It also includes China’s Tainwen-1 and America’s Mars 2020. The special thing is that this UAE expedition started when the distance between Earth and Mars is the shortest. According to NASA, the distance from Mars to Earth will be reduced by 38.6 million miles (6.2 million kilometers) in October.

Hope will reach Mars orbit in February 2021 

‘HOPE’ is expected to reach Mars in February, 2021. After this, it will rotate in its orbit for one Mars year i.e. 687 days. Although the aim of this Mars mission is to gather accurate information about the environment and weather of this red planet, a major goal is also being considered – and to build a human settlement on Mars in the next 100 years. The UAE also intends to project this as a source of inspiration for Arab youth.

High hopes from hope 

  • The spacecraft is expected to orbit Mars in about 200 days from now and will then begin its mission to study the atmosphere of the red planet. 
  • It will travel 4.93 crore kilometers in space. It will take seven months. The Martian will provide the first truly global picture of the atmosphere. 
  • Hope Mangal will study the seasonal cycles and climate of the planet. It will observe weather events and dust storms on Mars. 
  • It will study the causes of corrosion of the upper and lower layers of the atmosphere of Mars and the surface of the red planet, as well as the study of how the upper atmosphere of Mars is lost.
  • Exploring the relationship between the red planet’s ancient climate will deepen the Earth’s past and future, as well as life prospects on Mars and other distant planets.