Ramtil CultivationJuly 9, 2020
Ramtil cultivation – Masoor Ramatil (Guijosia abyssinica), known as Jagani, is considered a small oilseed crop in various regions of India. Ramtil cultivation is considered very important for the land. Because its plants prevent soil erosion. And increase the fertilizer potential of the land. It would not be an exaggeration to call Ramatil an evergreen crop as it can be cultivated well in all seasons.
Not only this, in adverse conditions of the environment (drought and excess rainfall), Ramtil is able to give better yield and economic benefits on less investment in non-fertile soils. Its seeds contain 32-40 percent quality oil and 18-24 percent protein. In terms of health, its oil is considered beneficial because it contains less than 70 percent unsaturated fatty acids. The remaining khali (cake) after oil extraction from seed is a nutritious diet for animals. Its oil is also used in making soaps, paints, varnishes etc.
Soil: Ramtil can be cultivated easily in both fertile and barren lands. There should be no water logging for its cultivation. To get good yield, land is used for Ph. Values should be between 5.8 to 7.5.
Preparation of the field: The plow or cultivator by plowing the field twice by deep plowing makes the field well prepared for sowing of ramtil. Including linden dust at the rate of 25 kg per hectare at the time of last plowing reduces termite infestation.
Advanced Varieties: J.N.C. – 6, J.N.C. – 1, JNS-9, JNS-28, JNS-30, Birsa Niger – 3, Pooja, Gujarat Niger – 1, NRS. -96-1
Sowing Management: Seeding Method and Plant Transfer: In row of sowing rows of Ramtil, the distance of the line is 30 cm from the row by duplex, trifon or seidryl. And the distance from plant to plant in queues is 10 cm. Keeping 3 cm At the depth of. At the time of sowing, seeds should be distributed evenly in the ratio of 1:20 with sieved compost of sand / dung ash / cow dung so that the seeds are distributed evenly throughout the field (in queues).
Seed and Seed Treatment : The seed rate of Ramtil is 5 to 7 kg per ha. is. To protect the crop from seed and landborne diseases, treat the fungicide Thyram at the rate of 3 g / kg seed before sowing. Thereafter, bio-fertilizers Azotobacter and PSB. Spread 10 grams per kilogram of seed evenly over the seeds and mix it by hand and sow after drying under shade for about 20-30 minutes. Be sure to wear gloves during seed treatment.
Nutrient management: the quantity and use of compost / compost of cow dung – good rotten dung at the rate of about 2 to 2.5 tonnes per hectare before final plowing while preparing the land for maintaining the productivity of the land and getting higher yield Mix manure or compost equally in the field.
Time and method of giving balanced fertilizer quantity: The amount of chemical fertilizer recommended for Ramtil crop is 40:30:20 N: F: Po kg / ha. is. Which should be given as follows. Give 20 kg nitrogen 30 kg phosphorus 20 kg potash / hectare at the time of sowing. Give 10 kg of remaining nitrogen after sowing after 35 days of sowing. After this, if there is enough moisture in the field, give 10 kg of nitrogen at the time of flowering in the crop.
Irrigation and water management: Ramtil plants do not require much irrigation. In case of prolonged drought, irrigate while making flowers and seeds.
Weed control: For weed control in Ramtil cultivation, first tendering should be done about 15 to 20 days after sowing and after second sowing – weeding should be done 40 days after sowing. For chemical weed control, spray 750 ml of pendimethalin 38.7% in 500 liters of water per hectare evenly after seed sowing and before crop germination, or spray quizzelofas 20 days after sowing. Ethyl 1 li. Sprinkle it uniformly by making slurry in 500 liters of water per hectare.
Harvesting and threshing: Ramtil crop is ripened in about 100-110 days. When the leaves of the plants start drying up and the top part of the pod turns brown and black, then cut the crop. After harvesting, plants should be tied in cows and dried in the open sun in the field for a week and then beaten and threshed in the barn with wood / sticks.
Yield and storage: By adopting the above advanced agricultural technology, the average yield of the crop can be obtained from 6 to 7 quintals per hectare. After sowing, clean the seeds and dry them in sunlight to 8-9 percent moisture.